Summary of Fiqh Forum January, 2017 Edition

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
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Fiqh books:
Fiqh-us-Sunnah by Sayid Sabiq
– Al-Fiqh Ala Al-Islami Wa Adillatuh by Dr. Wahbah Az ZuhailiLecturer: Sheikh DhikruLlahi Shafii
Reciter: Ustadh Sa’eed Salman
Translator: Ustadh Sherifdeen Ibrahim
Venue: TMC Dawah Center. Along Mile 2 express road, Church Bus stop, Lagos.
Time: 10am-2pm (second Sunday of every month)
Topic: TIMES OF SALAT
Earlier we discussed prerequisites of Salat. This includes the following:
– The specific Times of Salat
– Time of preference
– Time of necessity
– Time of repayment
Each prayer has its own particular time at which it must be performed. Allah (SWT) states in the noble Qur’an, “Verily, the prayer is enjoined on the believers at fixed hours.” surah An-Nisai, Q4: 101-103
Time definition according to Fiqh:
Period when act of worship are acceptable. We have the beginning of prayer time and ending (the first and the last).
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Importance of time in the life of a Muslim:
Allah and the Prophet (peace be upon him) have established worship based on time, and warned against negligence as said earlier in Q.4: 103 and in Qur’an 74: 42-43 where Allah says;…(The people in Hell will be asked:) what has caused you to enter Hell? They will say: We were not of those who used to pray…”
This is aimed at 2 things:1- Knowledge
2- TrainingUnfortunately, Muslims are the greatest defaulters of time. Many Muslims today have neglected Salat. They give many excuses why they don’t pray at their fixed times. Some won’t leave aqeeqah (naming), nikkah (wedding) and other ceremonies for Salat. Why? They believe they can pray it or combine the missed prayers later.
This is not good at all.
Again, Allah (SWT) says: establish [regular] prayers. Indeed, prayer has been decreed upon the believers a decree of specified times. (4: 103)
Abdullah bin Masud narrated: “I asked the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) which action is most beloved to Allah? He said: The most beloved of actions to Allah is the prayer at its time…” Sunan An-NasaiHe who is able to adhere strictly to this (by praying at its fixed times) will be able to keep Allah’s commandments.Time is the capital resource of man in life. Time is existence. Imam Hassan al-Bisr says: O son of Adam know you are a composite of days, when a day goes, a part of your goes.He also said, every new day states: … O son of Adam I am a new creation, a witness on your acts, prepare in me, if I depart, I return no more.”In hadith of Jum’ah, Hassan Albana said people say: Time is like gold- good but with Muslims, time is existence for those who project beyond materialism. Gold finishes, or lost, or regain after loss, but time cannot be regained, thus more valuable.That’s why Allah swears by Time. He (SWT) says: “By the dawn.And [by] ten nights.And [by] the even [number] and the odd. And [by] the night when it passes…” Q. 89: 1-3

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Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) also emphasised on the importance of time. He (SAW) said; “Take the benefit of five before five – :

your youthfulness before your old age,
your health before your sickness,
your wealth before your poverty,
your free-time before your preoccupation,
and your life before your death.”
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TIME OF SOLAT TYPES
1- Time-Based Salat
2- Non Time-Based Salat
Time-Based Salat
* Fardh: Obligatory such as Subh, Zuhr etc
* Al-Sunnan Al-Rawatib- Sunnah prayers associated with fardh prayers – before or after and Witr, Duha, Eidain that is Eid-el-Fitr and Eid-el-Adha, etc
Scholars are unanimous that the time of the obligatory prayers are prescribed – it must not be before the time nor should it be after the prescribed time.
In the hadith reported by Abdullah bin Abi Qatada:
My father said, “One night we were traveling with the Prophet and some people said; ‘We wish that Allah’s Apostle would take a rest along with us during the last hours of the night.’ He said, ‘I am afraid that you will sleep and miss the (Fajr) prayer.’ Bilal said, ‘I will make you get up.’ So all slept and Bilal rested his back against his Rahila and he too was overwhelmed (by sleep) and slept. The Prophet got up when the edge of the sun had risen and said, ‘O Bilal! What about your statement?’ He replied, ‘I have never slept such a sleep.’ The Prophet said, ‘Allah captured your souls when He wished, and released them when He wished. O Bilal! Get up and pronounce the Adhan for the prayer.’ The Prophet performed ablution and when the sun came up and became bright, he stood up and prayed.”
…To be continued
By Rasheed Abubakar
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