Ethnic Cleansing and Genocide: The Looking Away of United Nations at The Fall of Humanity

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We may all remain astounded on the world’s recent happenings, there has been no time in the world we have most blood sheds as the last century, everywhere, every day we get fading away of justice, lies through propaganda has assumed the judge of evil doers. We hold within a rusted soul, doubted finesse of the meeting of our creator and make hatred, fear, oppression and blood baths a fanfare.

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The sittings of the world watch with great sarcasm, humanity has suddenly become the shoving of pawns in the chess box of graves, using countries against another, forcing rules, ideologies and beliefs on others, playing the holy cow, fooling the willing to be fooled, casting the first stone, building war cartels, harassing personal agitations for justice as corporations benefit from the loss of human lives.

There are theories proven over and over again to be conspiracies, planned for decades and executed suiting the wrongly thought motives with a bought over media, bought over global scenes, bought over leaders and bought over wills of the future.

“Ethnic cleansing” has been defined as the attempt to get rid of (through deportation, displacement or even mass killing) members of an unwanted ethnic group in order to establish an ethnically homogeneous geographic area.

Though “cleansing” campaigns for ethnic or religious reasons have existed throughout history, the rise of extreme nationalist movements during the 20th century led to an unprecedented level of ethnically motivated brutality, including the Turkish massacre of Armenians during World War I; the Nazi Holocaust’s annihilation of some six million European Jews; and the forced displacement and mass killings carried out in the former Yugoslavia and the African country of Rwanda during the 1990s.

History will never be complete if I do not add; according to Bell-Fialkoff and others, the Assyrian Empire practiced ethnic cleansing when it forced millions of people in conquered lands to resettle between the ninth and seventh centuries B.C. Groups such as the Babylonians, Greeks and Romans continued this practice, though not always on such a large scale and often to procure slave labor.

During the Middle-Ages, religion rather than ethnicity was a main source of persecution; episodes of religious cleansing tended to target Jews, often the largest minority in European countries. In Spain, which had a large population of Jews and of Muslims, Jews were expelled in 1492 and Muslims in 1502; those who remained were forced to convert to Christianity, though all Muslim converts (called Moriscos) were expelled in the early 17th century.

In North America, most Native Americans in North America were forced to resettle in territory allotted to them by the mid-19th century; when the Homestead Act of 1862 opened up most of the remaining lands to white settlers, those tribes who resisted–such as the Sioux, Comanche and Arapaho–were brutally crushed. History also would never forget the Crusader war in 1095 that witnessed the massacre of humanity is an history we must not forget.

PalestinianDespite these examples, some scholars argue that ethnic cleansing in its strictest sense is a 20th-century phenomenon. In contrast to forced resettlement movements of the past, 20th-century ethnic cleansing efforts have been driven by the rise of nationalist movements with racist theories fed by the desire to “purify” the nation by expelling (and in many cases destroying) groups considered “alien.”

This was the case in the 1990s, both in the former Yugoslavia and in Rwanda, where members of the majority Hutu ethnic group massacred hundreds of thousands of people, mostly minority Tutsis, from April to July 1994.

The most prominent example of extremist nationalism-fueled ethnic cleansing was, of course, Adolf Hitler’s Nazi regime in Germany and its ceaseless campaign against Jews in German-controlled territory from 1933-1945.

This movement began with cleansing by deportation and ended in the horrific “final solution”–the destruction of some six million Jews (along with 250,000 Gypsies) in concentration camps and mass killing centers.

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Events in Darfur have intensified a longstanding debate about the difference–if any–that exists between ethnic cleansing (which is a descriptive, not a legal term) and genocide, which was designated an international crime by the United Nations in 1948.

Some equate the two, while others argue that while the main goal of genocide is to physically destroy entire racial, ethnic or religious groups, the aim of ethnic cleansing is to establish ethnic homogeneity, which does not necessarily mean mass killings but can be achieved by other methods.

During the 1990s, the term “ethnic cleansing” was applied to the ongoing atrocities being committed in Bosnia and Rwanda; its acceptance as a description by U.S. and other U.N. Security Council members allowed them to avoid calling these acts “genocide,” which would have required intervention under international law.

Since then, the two international tribunals established by the U.N. during the 1990s (one for the former Yugoslavia and another for Rwanda) and the International Criminal Court (ICC), established in 1998, have all debated fiercely the exact legal definition for ethnic cleansing.

The ICC has linked ethnic cleansing more specifically to genocide, “crimes against humanity” and “war crimes,” stating that ethnic cleansing could constitute all three of those other offenses (all of which are under the court’s jurisdiction).

In this way, despite controversy over its exact definition, ethnic cleansing is now clearly covered under international law, though efforts to prevent and punish acts of ethnic cleansing (such as those in Darfur) are still in development.

Most sources of history do not add the Israel-Palestinian war as a misappropriated justice, lie, cleansing and genocide! United Nations as a looking away ‘god’ to put an end to this. Could anyone think prior to this time that the Jews could lose its minds so soon in committing deliberate acts of terrorism in Palestine against the Palestinians that opened its hands of peace to save it from extinction in the hands of the Germans?

mapWho Owns The Palestinian Land?
19th century to 1920
Before World War I, the Middle East region, including the Ottoman Syria (the southern part of which are regarded as Palestine), was under the control of the Ottoman Empire for nearly 400 years.

Towards the end of the 19th century, Palestine, which was inhabited predominantly by Arab Muslims, both farmers and Bedouin (principally in the Negev and Jordan Valley), with smaller numbers of Christians (mostly Arabs), Druze, Circassians and Jews (predominantly Sephardic).

At that time most of the Jews worldwide lived outside Palestine, predominantly in eastern and central Europe, with significant communities in the Mediterranean, the Middle East and the Americas.

Why The Cleansing And Genocide?
The roots of the conflict can be traced to the late 19th century, with the rise of national movements, including Zionism and Arab nationalism. Though the Jewish aspiration to return to Zion had been part of Jewish religious thought for more than a millennium, the Jewish population of Europe and, to some degree, Middle East began to more actively discuss immigration back to the Land of Israel.

And the re-establishment of the Jewish Nation, only during the 1859 to 1880s, largely as a solution to the widespread persecution of Jews due to antisemitism in Russia and Europe. As a result, the Zionist movement, the modern movement for the creation of a homeland for the Jewish people, was established as a political movement in 1897.

The Zionist movement called for the establishment of a nation state for the Jewish people in Palestine, which would serve as a haven for the Jews of the world and in which they would have the right for self-determination. Zionists increasingly came to hold that this state should be in their historic homeland, which they referred to as the Land of Israel.

The World Zionist Organization and the Jewish National Fund encouraged immigration and funded purchase of land, both under Ottoman rule and under British rule, in the region of Palestine while Arab nationalism, at least in an early form, and Syrian nationalism were the dominant tendencies, along with continued loyalty to the Ottoman state, in the area.

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World War I And Aftermath (1917–20)
The 1917 Balfour Declaration which supported the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine and protected the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities.

The Balfour Declaration (dated 2 November 1917) was a letter from the United Kingdom’s Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour to Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild, a leader of the British Jewish community, for transmission to the Zionist Federation of Great Britain and Ireland.

‘His Majesty’s government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.’

The text of the letter was published in the press one week later, on 9 November 1917. So, just because a ‘man’ feels there should be a state of Israel, Israel came up.

The Connivance
The possibility of releasing Palestine from the control of the Ottoman Empire led the Jewish population and the Arab population in Palestine to support the alignment of the United Kingdom, France, and Russia during World War I. In 1915, the McMahon–Hussein Correspondence was formed as an agreement with Arab leaders to grant sovereignty to Arab lands under Ottoman control to form an Arab state in exchange for the Great Arab Revolt against the Ottomans.

However, the Balfour Declaration in 1917 proposed to “favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, but that nothing should be done to prejudice the civil and religious rights of the existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine.”

In 1916, the Anglo-French Sykes–Picot Agreement allocated to the British Empire the area of present-day Jordan, Israel, the Palestinian territories, and the area of present-day Iraq. The Balfour Declaration was seen by Jewish nationalists as the cornerstone of a future Jewish homeland on both sides of the Jordan River, but increased the concerns of the Arab population in the Palestine region.

In 1917, the British succeeded in defeating the Ottoman Turkish forces and occupied the Palestine region. The land remained under British military administration for the remainder of the war.

1948–49 War: Israel And The Arab States
The termination of the British mandate over Palestine and the Israeli Declaration of Independence sparked a full-scale war (1948 Arab–Israeli War) which erupted after May 14, 1948. On 15–16 May, the four armies of Jordan, Syria, Egypt and Iraq invaded/intervened in what had been the area of the British Mandate followed not long after by units from Lebanon

Till Now
Presently, the world is still agog, strangled with awe on the level of damage to humanity, properties and nature has faced from the continuous acts of terrorism the Zionist Israel has perpetrated  in the Palestinians’ land overtime. It is unthinkable, unbearable and highly disgusting to the very existence of truth.

International communities especially in Europe have begun to advocate for the rights of Palestinians by economically boycotting Israeli products and also campaigning against Israeli genocide on the Palestinians_’ lands through peaceful demonstrations.

The story of the Palestinian Freedom is presently beyond the sleeping Arab world, that has failed to realize that the Palestinians are the golden pride of the Arab world with an unmatched literacy level in the whole of the Arab world.

Activists all over the world have taken the Palestinian struggle as human rights struggle. The social media has been the educative tool of this advocacy. The social media is so effective that defiant Zionist Israel has begun to see it as a  great threat to their terrorism that they now fear it more than the Palestinians.

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What Has The United Nations Done (Recently)?
The U.N. Security Council on recently rejected a Palestinian resolution calling for an Israeli withdrawal from the occupied West Bank and East Jerusalem and the establishment of a Palestinian state by late 2017.

The resolution called for negotiations to be based on territorial lines that existed before Israel captured the West Bank, East Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip in the 1967 Middle East war. It also called for a peace deal within 12 months.

Even if the draft had received the minimum nine votes in favor, it would have been defeated by Washington’s vote against it. The United States is one of the five veto-wielding permanent members. There were eight votes in favor, including France, Russia and China, two against and five abstentions, among them Britain.

Australia joined the United States in voting against the measure. U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Samantha Power defended Washington’s position against the draft in a speech to the 15-nation council by saying it was not a vote against peace between Israel and the Palestinians.

“The United States every day searches for new ways to take constructive steps to support the parties in making progress toward achieving a negotiated settlement,” she said.

“The Security Council resolution put before us today is not one of those constructive steps.” Imagine the lies and lip service. She said the text was “deeply imbalanced” and contained “nonconstructive deadlines that take no account of Israel’s legitimate security concerns.”

To make matters worse, Power said, it “was put to a vote without a discussion or due consideration among council members.” Who gave Israel legitimacy if not United Nations?

Jordanian Ambassador Dina Kawar, the sole Arab representative on the council, expressed regret that the resolution was voted down, while noting that she thought council members should have had more time to discuss the proposal.

Palestine Frustration
In order to pass, a resolution needs nine votes in favor and no vetoes from the council’s five permanent members. The European and African camps were split in the vote.

France and Luxembourg voted in favor of the resolution while Britain and Lithuania abstained. Among the Africans, Chad voted yes while Rwanda and Nigeria abstained.

The Palestinians, frustrated by the lack of progress in peace talks, have sought to internationalize the issue by seeking U.N. membership and recognition of statehood via membership in international organizations.

Palestinian observer Riyad Mansour thanked delegations that voted for the resolution, noting that lawmakers in a number of European countries have called for recognition of Palestine. He said it was time to end the “abhorrent Israeli occupation and impunity that has brought our people so much suffering.”

Hence:
We will not stop, we will not fall, we will raise a generation from beyond our groins, and we will fill the hearts of man with love, strength and will to face oppression with the very being of righteous living. Let us all know that the current injustices in the world is pathetic, we may be little of many that may follow the path to uphold justice.

Let us all die as advocates of justice. Let many of it come! Whoever will fall will, whoever will rise will, it all depends on the stands we have when we do fall if we will. As for me and my household and friends as you, we shall overcome Islamophobia, terrorism and injustice in whatever camouflage it’s been played.

Tella Temitayo Rahmon is a Guest Writer & Associate,
Center For Human Rectitude
www.fb.com/centerforhumanrectitude

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